This park is situated in the western Uganda along the border of Uganda with the Democratic Republic of Congo. It covers a total area of 998 square kilometers and was named after the renowned Mountain Rwenzori which is as well known as the mythical “Mountains of the Moon.” Mountain Rwenzori is among the tallest mountain ranges in Africa at a height of 5,109 meters. These Rwenzori ranges have 6 main peaks including, Mt Stanley at 5,109m, Mt Speke at 4,890m, Mt Baker at 4,843m, Mt Emin at 4,798m, Mt Gessi at 4,715m plus Mt Luigi di Savoia at 4,627m. The Mt Stanley complex also known as the Margherita peak (5,109) is the highest peak and it’s this peak that makes Mountain Rwenzori the Third highest mountain range in the whole of Africa.
Mountain Rwenzori is not volcanic but mainly old quartzite in contrast to the 2 highest mountains on the African continent (Mountain Kilimanjaro and Mountain Kenya). In spite of its presence close to at the Equator, this mountain has special glacial peaks seen miles away as you drive through western Uganda. Most hikers regard mountain Rwenzori as the most challenging of all mountains in Africa.
It has five distinct Vegetation Zones. These include grassland (ranging from 1000 to 2000m), the montane forest ( between 2000 and 3000m), the bamboo or mimulopsis zone (ranging from 2500 to 3500m), the Heather or Rapanea zone (ranging from 3000 to 4000m) as well as the afro-alpine moorland zone (ranging from 4000 to 4500m).
The park possesses a great diversity of large mammals that live on the lower mountain slopes. Among these are elephants, leopards, buffaloes, hyrax, chimpanzees, forest hogs, blue monkeys, duikers plus the Rwenzori colobus monkeys. In addition Rwenzori National park is among the very Important Bird Areas in the whole of Uganda. This park has documented 195 bird species including the Mountain Buzzards, Rwenzori Turaco, White Necked Raven, Francolins plus the Olive Pigeon, in addition to several endemic, endangered and rare species.
Accessing the Mountains of the Moon
This Park can be reached by road transport as well as air transport. People who want to journey by air we can arrange for you a private charter flight to Kasese airstrip then from there you will be transferred to the park. Nyakalengija trailhead is found off Fort Portal road, just 22 kilometers from Kasese. Also Transport may be arranged within Kasese. Rwenzori Tourists Activity
Hiking is the main holiday activity to enjoy inside the park. These hikes take you though the different vegetation zones and eventually end on the high glacial peaks. Also shorter hikes can be organized although these hikes normally take 7 days. During the Nature walks you will have the opportunity to see various birds and animals.
Note: The mountain high peaks must only be attempted by experienced climbers
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